best programming language to learn for beginners

Top 7 Programming Languages for Backend Web Development

If you are a beginner in programming or you are a complete fresher, still you could learn Web Development. Web Development is divided into two terms: First is Frontend Development and another is Backend Development. And yes, these both have their respective set of instructions , patterns and methodologies. For example, when it’s about Frontend Development, then HTML, CSS, and JavaScript always comes first in our mind.

So, in this particular article, you will be provided a list of top programming languages that you could start learning and make a career in web development:

  1. JavaScript

JavaScript is the world’s most demanding and popular programming language. JavaScript is the programming language specially for the Web development. From learning point of view, JavaScript is very easy to learn. Whenever we talk about web development – in most cases, JavaScript comes in the picture. As per some surveys of various popular platforms like Stack Overflow and Octoverse – JavaScript is one of the most preferred and leading programming languages in the world of programming and coding. The only major reason behind it is that JavaScript could be used for both – Front End and Back End Development.

JavaScript Frameworks for Backend Web Development: Next.js, Express, MeteorJS, etc.
Popular websites that are using JavaScript: Facebook, Google, eBay, etc.

  1. Python

Though Python is quite popular among developer community for its compatibility with advanced technologies like Machine Learning, Internet of Things and Data Science etc. Python enriching programming language is widely used and very much suitable
for backend web development. Even Google (one of the leading IT giants) uses Python, and it is one of the 3 primary languages used by Google. Python has huge collection of standard libraries that makes developers to use it in a easy and efficient manner.
Also Python has easier integration with other languages, GUI Programming support, portability, and numerous others makes it a more preferred language among web developers.

Python Frameworks for Backend Web Development: Django, Flask, Pyramid, etc.
Popular websites that are using Python: Spotify, Pinterest, Instacart, etc.

  1. PHP

PHP is a veteran player in the web development world. PHP is open-source server-side scripting language. PHP is created in 1994 and it is specifically used for web development. PHP does not require compiler as it is an interpreted language and it can run on almost every major operating system like macOS ,Linux ,Unix , Windows etc. Now come to the enriching features of PHP, there are so many such as easy to learn nature, cross-platform compatibility, OOPs features, support to various standard databases like MySQL, SQLite, huge community support, and many others. Apart of other features, PHP is very much secure as a server-side scripting language.

PHP Frameworks for Backend Web Development: Laravel, CodeIgniter, Symfony, etc.
Popular websites that are using PHP: WordPress, MailChimp, Flickr, etc.

  1. Java

Java is another exemplary programming language for backend web development. The object-oriented programming language is widely used for developing enterprise level web applications along with the development of android applications, desktop applications, scientific applications, etc. The major advantage of using Java is that it works on the Write Once Run Anywhere principle i.e, the compiled Java code can be executed on any platform that supports Java without the need for recompilation. In more specific terms, the Java code is first compiled into byte code which is machine-independent and then this byte code runs on the JVM regardless of the underlying architecture.

Java Frameworks for Backend Web Development: Spring, Struts, Grails
Popular websites that are using Java: LinkedIn, IRCTC, Yahoo, etc.

  1. Ruby

Ruby is a general-purpose interpreted programming language which supports various programming paradigms like procedural, functional, and object-oriented programming. Ruby is comparatively easier to learn. The language is being widely used for web development across the world and it is recommended to beginners to learn basics of backend web development. Like PHP, Ruby also supports almost every platform such as Windows, Mac, and Linux.

Ruby Frameworks for Backend Web Development: Ruby on Rails, Sinatra, Grape, etc.
Popular websites that are using Ruby: Airbnb, Shopify, Slideshare, etc.

  1. Golang

Many of us think like Go language is not popular among the developers community then here is something for you. As per annual report of Stack Overflow, Go was one of the top 5 most preferred programming languages by the programmers across the globe. Go is designed by Google and is similar to C language. It is a statically typed programming language. Go language is used to build scalable and secure web applications more efficiently. One of the major advantages of using Go is that it provides excellent support for multithreading. Some of the other considerable features of Go language are – it is easy to learn and most important it is backed by Google

Go Frameworks for Backend Web Development: beego, echo, revel, etc.
Popular websites that are using Go: Dropbox, SoundCloud, Dailymotion, etc.

  1. C#

C# is my one of the favourite languages and also it is one of those few languages that is constantly there in the top 5 programming languages spot. C# was initially developed by Microsoft primarily for the .Net framework. With the backend web development, C# is being used extensively in multiple aspects such as Windows applications, games and web development etc. C# has various enriching features such as faster compilation, interoperability, scalable & updatable, component-oriented & structured language and many others. In addition, C# comes up with a rich set of libraries that helps the developers for a faster and efficient development process. If you’re in a search of a programming language for a backend web developer – you can give it a try to C# as well.

C# Frameworks for Backend Web Development: .NET
Popular websites that are using C#: GoDaddy, Marketwatch, Stack Overflow, etc.

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